Doku: Confidential File – Horror Comic Books

Ich hatte letzte Woche krank im Bett (und in Skyrim beschäftigt, ahem) endlich Zeit, das schon lange gekaufte Buch „The Horror! The Horror!: Comic Books the Government Didn’t Want You to Read!“ zu lesen. Schönes Ding, Jim Trombetta zeigt darin jede Menge Cover und Panels aus den Comics der sogenannten Pre-Code-Ära (von denen man einige zum Beispiel hier findet), bevor sich 1955 die Comics Code Authority bildete und jede Menge der Horror- und Crime-Comics von damals verbot und zensierte. Das Cover oben ist ein im Buch prominent gefeaturtes Beispiel für Pre-Crime-Selbstzensur von Bill Gaines (späterer Herausgeber von MAD): da wo das Beil im Kopf steckt, leuchtet in der veröffentlichten Ausgabe ein unerklärlicher heller Fleck.

Aber um das Buch soll es gar nicht wirklich gehen, ich hatte das sowieso schonmal gebloggt, aber: Dem Band liegt eine DVD bei, die enthält die 1955er Doku „Confidential File: Horror Comic Books!“ von Paul Coates bei und die ist natürlich komplett auf Youtube online zu sehen, yay! Regie führte übrigens Irvin Kershner, der Jahre später einen kleinen, ziemlich unbedeutenden Film namens „Star Wars: The Empire strikes back“ drehte.

 Youtube Direktcomicscode

A report by Paul Coates. Produced by Jim Peck. Directed by Irvin Kershner. Aired October 9, 1955. A KTTV Production, Los Angeles, for Times-Mirror.

In 1954 the Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency conducted an investigation into how the comic book industry was supposedly contributing to the moral decay of a nation’s youth. The investigations were spurred on by a number of articles that blamed comics for the rise in juvenile delinquency in post-war America. Chief among the critics was Doctor Frederic Wertham, whose book, “Seduction of The Innocent” has been blamed for nearly single-handedly crippling the entire comics industry.

In 1955, the comic book publishers formed the self-regulating organization, The Comics Code Authority, which great impacted on how comic books were perceived by the public and what kind of stories were told in the comics for decades. The effects of the virtual witch-hunt from this period in American history still has effect on the comic book industry to this day.

“Confidential File” was aired in 1955, after the senate hearings and the formation of the Comics Code, but it serves as a perfect example of how the media reacted to the comic book industry, and sought a scape goat by blaming the comic book publications for society’s own lack of responsibility in raising its children. A blame game that would later manifest itself when later TV cartoons, rock and roll music, Dungeons & Dragons, videogames, and so on would become the new whipping boy for those that didn’t want to look to themselves for the state of their own children and society’s sad state.

Amazon-Partnerlink: The Horror! The Horror!: Comic Books the Government Didn’t Want You to Read!