The History of subversive Remix Videos before YouTube and the N.W.A.-Muppets

YT Direktmuppets

Jonathan McIntosh hat eine fantastische YT-Playlist plus Artikel mit seiner “Brief History of Subversive Remix Video Before YouTube”. Oben nur eins der dreißig Videos, Muppets und Niggaz Wit Attitudes, die komplette Playlist gibts hier, den begleitenden Artikel da und dort ist sein Blogeintrag dazu.

For the purposes of creating this history I used five essential criteria to decide if a transformative video work fit into the political remix genre.

1.Works appropriate mass media audiovisual source material without permission from copyright holders, and rely on the fair use doctrine (or fair dealing in the UK).
2.Works comment on, deconstruct, or challenge media narratives, dominant myths, social norms, and traditional power structures—they can be either sympathetic to or antagonistic to their pop culture sources, sometimes both at the same time.
3.Works transform the original messages embedded in the source material, as well as the source material itself.
4.Works are intended for general audiences or do-it-yourself (DIY) communities rather than academic or high-art audiences, and thus tend to use familiar mass media formats such as trailers, television ads, music videos, and news segments as vehicles for the transformed messages.
5.Works are DIY productions and rely on grassroots distribution methods such as VHS tape duplicating circles, underground screenings, and, eventually, self-hosted Web sites. Since its launch in November 2005 many subversive video makers now put their works on YouTube.

A Brief History of Subversive Remix Video Before YouTube