I fixed Shepard Faires Obama-Poster to fit PRISM. Also: Happy 64th, George Orwells 1984!

Ich habe heute jede Menge Sachen zum Überwachungsmonster PRISM gelesen, heute, am 64. Geburtstag von George Orwells 1984 (!), das am 8. Juni 1949 zum ersten mal veröffentlicht wurde. Und weil ich ja heute sehr viel Zeit hatte, da dank eines größeren Ausfalls bei Host Europe die Seite down war, habe ich Shepard Fairys Obama-Poster für das Jahr 2013 aktualisiert. Ich hab’ sogar ein Allsehendes Auge an Stelle von Obey Giants Signet in die linke untere Ecke gepackt, damit das auch wirklich stimmig ist. Hier das Original zum Vergleich, hier das Baby in HighRes. Der Post hier ist ein bisschen länger und hat am Ende jede Menge Links zum Thema, da sind auch jede Menge obskure Sachen dabei, wie PRISM-Designkritik und sowas.

Mark Zuckerberg und Larry Page streiten selbstverständlich alles ab, der eine auf Facebook, der andere auf Google Bloggingplattform, und beide benutzen auffällig gleiche Formulierungen. Von Anwälten glattgerührte, oberflächliche Ausflüchte oder anders formuliert: Bullshit. Von Techcrunch:

The New York Times says you knowingly participated in the NSA’s data monitoring program. In some cases, you were asked to create ”a locked mailbox and give the government the key”, to allow it to peer into private communications and web activity. Even if the exact words of your denials were accurate, they seemed to obscure the scope of your involvement with PRISM. Outlining as clearly as possible exactly what kind of data the government could attain would have gone a long way.

But you were probably cornered by Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act restrictions about what you could say about PRISM. And in fact, you might have beeen subtly trying to fight back by asking the government for more transparency. When you decode Mark’s statement “We strongly encourage all governments to be much more transparent about all programs aimed at keeping the public safe”, I hear “Our hands are cuffed. Only the government can reveal that we participated. We wish they would.”

Und grade, wenn man sich eine Meinung gebildet hat und zum Schluss kommt, dass Direct Access zu den Servern der Datensammelmaschinen von Google bis Facebook wohl übertrieben ist [update: Ist wohl nicht übertrieben, eine vom Guardian heute veröffentlichte Präsentations-Seite widerspricht den Dementis von Google und Facebook: „Collection directly from servers“. There you have it.] , dafür aber sehr wohl ein formalisierter und automatisierter Prozess für juristische Anfragen eingerichtet wurde, als Portal oder API oder ähnliches…

…da packt der Guardian den nächsten Hammer drauf: Boundless Informant: the NSA’s secret tool to track global surveillance data und ein Liveblog haben sie auch gleich mit eingerichtet, da kommt wohl noch mehr. Da werden dann auch Zahlen genannt und Länder, in denen die NSA mitschnorchelt. Deutschland ist laut der Grafik dort im ungefähr selben Maßstab betroffen, wie die USA, und das von der NSA am meisten überwachte Land der EU. Fun!

The Guardian has acquired top-secret documents about the NSA datamining tool, called Boundless Informant, that details and even maps by country the voluminous amount of information it collects from computer and telephone networks. The focus of the internal NSA tool is on counting and categorizing the records of communications, known as metadata, rather than the content of an email or instant message.

The Boundless Informant documents show the agency collecting almost 3 billion pieces of intelligence from US computer networks over a 30-day period ending in March 2013. One document says it is designed to give NSA officials answers to questions like, “What type of coverage do we have on country X” in “near real-time by asking the SIGINT [signals intelligence] infrastructure.”

Und Slate titelt derweil ein bisschen polemisch, aber nicht unwahr: How PRISM could ruin Apple, Google, and every other big tech company. Das Kapital von Google und Facebook sind nämlich nicht wirklich unsere Daten, sondern vor allem unser Vertrauen. Mit PRISM könnten sie sich das in einer Breite verspielt haben, die möglicherweise über Nerd-Kreise hinausgeht.

These companies know that the only way for their businesses to work is if we don’t fixate on the potential dangers of the devices in our pockets. Facebook and Google are only viable, as business propositions, if we’re enthusiastic, optimistic participants in our own data-mining.

But PRISM changes that calculus. If tech giants really can’t stop the U.S. government from observing everything we do on their sites, it represents a giant hole in their assurances about our data. PRISM means that we can’t really trust these firms’ promises, and it may spark demand for alternatives. PRISM makes search engines like DuckDuckGo—which lets you search anonymously—more attractive. It sets up a market for encrypted email services, for apps that shut down location-tracking on your phone, for Web browsers and plug-ins that prevent you from being followed online. In the long run, these more private services might be less useful than the ones run by data-mining companies—they may not lead to self-driving cars—and they may cost more (if your phone’s operating system isn’t subsidized by ads, maybe you’ll pay a lot more for it) but it’s possible we’ll prefer that trade-off.

Und Michael Arrington schreibt auf, was alle denken: COWARDS.

If just one of them stood up and told us what’s really going on, as the EFF has urged, we could start to have a real discussion in this country about freedom v. security. Stand up, I say, and tell us about these FISA orders. Publish them all. Tell us everything. Let us understand the true scope of the evil we are facing. Because their lawyers might be telling them what they are required to do. But their soul should be telling them what they must do.

Will you do it, Marissa? Or you, Ballmer? Or you, Armstrong? Will anyone stand up and say the truth?

Nach dem Klick noch jede Menge Links zum Thema:

Guardian: NSA’s Prism surveillance program: how it works and what it can do
NYTimes: Tech Companies Concede to Surveillance Program
Gawker: A British Television Host Took the Photo Used in the NSA PRISM Logo
Yahoo: Big Brother’s appalling design skills
Gawker: The NSA Sent a Takedown Notice Over My Custom PRISM-Logo T-Shirts
The Composites: Julia, Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell
Victoria Nece: PRISM PowerPoint Redesign
The Atlantic Wire: How Google and Facebook Cooperated with the NSA and PRISM
Digitale Gesellschaft: YES, WE SCAN – ÜBERWACHUNGS- UND DATENSCHUTZSKANDAL IN DEN USA BETRIFFT AUCH UNS
The Next Web: PRISM, trust and what we really want to believe
Quartz: The US government is surveilling Americans on the internet and building anti-surveillance technology for Iranians
Die Zeit: NSA-ÜBERWACHUNGSAFFÄRE: Wir brauchen mehr Whistleblower
Quartz: The NSA has tons of data, but where is it keeping it all?
Quartz: Why the NSA has access to 80% of online communication even if Google doesn’t have a “back door”

Und zum Schluss noch ein bisschen Spaß von Andy Baio: These Aren’t the PRISMs You’re Looking For.

I’m a little obsessed with the story that broke yesterday about PRISM, the NSA/FBI project to gather information from popular Internet services, including Facebook, Google, and Apple.

So, naturally, I’ve been doing a lot of digging about the story on *.gov websites. In the process, I realized that the U.S. government loves the “PRISM” acronym. There are literally dozens of projects and applications named PRISM at the state and federal level, many with delightfully goofy logos. Here are some of my favorites:

Panelist and Reviewer Information System: Database of prospective reviewers for The National Endowment for the Humanities

Parallel Research on Invariant Subspace Methods: Argonne National Laboratory project to develop infrastructure and algorithms for the parallel solution of eigenvalue problems

Pliocene Research, Interpretation and Synoptic Mapping: USGS project to understand global climate change